Diamond: Aprils Birth Stone.

History of diamond aprils birthstone


Tudor table cut diamond ring berganza hatton garden
Tudor table cut diamond ring, circa 1485-1603.
Ref: 26020

Thursday 2nd April 2020

This month we are celebrating diamonds in all their beauty and those lucky enough to be born in April who have this incredible gem as their birthstone. Diamonds have been prized for their unique physical attributes including hardness, brilliance and dazzling sparkle for millennia.  Formed of crystallized carbon, they are the hardest substance on earth.  It is unsurprising then that diamonds have long been the symbol of strength, invincibility and eternal love. 

The first significant source of diamonds was found in India, more specifically a region known as Golconda. Golconda diamonds are particularly prized for their lack of impurities, resulting in colourless diamonds of supreme clarity and brilliance. Type II diamonds are extremely rare and contain little or no nitrogen and make up less than 2% of all gem diamonds. These diamonds are sub categorised into two types, IIa and IIb. Type IIa diamonds are the most chemically pure type of diamond and often have exceptional optical transparency and most originate from the Golconda region.

As skills and technology changed throughout time, the cutting and fashioning of diamonds developed, making available an array of shapes and cuts. Whether you are charmed by the rose cut, enamoured by the old mine diamond, captivated by the old cut or enticed by the geometric shapes of the step cut, the diamond provides a versatile choice suitable for all. Not only can the diamond be found in all shapes and sizes, but it also features an impressive range of colours. Diamonds of the coloured variety are known as fancy coloured diamonds. For those who love a vibrant colour, diamonds can be found in bright yellows, green, tantalizing pinks and majestic cognac. Coloured diamonds which display even a hint of colouration are therefore extremely rare and prized for their rarity and outstanding beauty.

Celebrating a birthday for yourself or a loved one this month? At Berganza we have a range of diamond set jewellery from the ancient, antique and vintage worlds. Choose from a wide selection of rings, earrings, bracelets, necklaces, pendants and brooches to secure a unique diamond set jewellery piece today. Our colours range from intriguing soft pastels to warm shades of cognac and even vivid bright yellows.

Edwardian fancy yellow diamond ring berganza hatton garden
Edwardian fancy yellow diamond three stone ring, circa 1905.
Ref: 24925
Golconda Type IIa diamond solitaire ring berganza hatton garden
Golconda Type IIa diamond flanked solitaire ring, circa 1910
Ref: 25708
Belle Époque diamond drop earrings berganza hatton garden
Belle Époque diamond drop earrings, circa 1905.
Ref: 24964
Georgian diamond coronet cluster ring berganza hatton garden
Georgian diamond coronet cluster ring, English, circa 1820.
Ref: 24678
Two stone diamond crossover ring Boucheron berganza hatton garden
Boucheron two stone diamond crossover ring, French, circa 1980.
Ref: 23919
Tiffany & Co. diamond set line bracelet berganza hatton garden
Tiffany & Co. diamond set line bracelet, American, circa 1920.
Ref: 23905
Art Deco diamond ring berganza hatton garden
Art Deco diamond ring, circa 1925.
Ref: 25135
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Updated 11/08/2020 at 5:05PM

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