Knowledge Centre > Gemmology > Gemstones > Sapphire

A Feast For The Eyes: The World Of Fancy-Coloured Sapphires


Sapphires have been used in jewellery for centuries. Known as the gemstone of harmony, friendship and loyalty, sapphires are most well known for their alluring shades of blue. However, when other trace elements are naturally present, the earth gifts us a kaleidoscope of hypnotic hues.

This wondrous variety of sapphires are known as ‘fancy-coloured’ sapphires. This term is simply used to describe any sapphire that is not blue in colour, ranging from yellow, purple and orange, to green and more! Whilst the blue tone in sapphires is due to the presence of iron and titanium, fancy colours are caused by a mix of other elements such as chromium.

Most fancy-coloured sapphires are from Sri Lanka, often referred to as Ceylon sapphires. Yellow sapphires are the most abundantly found fancy-coloured sapphires in Sri Lanka, and their colour ranges from pale yellow and bright lemon to a rich golden hue. In some cultures, yellow sapphires represent divine grace and power. If your loved one is a ray of sunshine in your life, a radiant yellow sapphire is the perfect choice.

Exuding feminine power, pink sapphires range from shades of pale baby pink to vivid, intense magenta. Recognised for symbolising good fortune, intense love and compassion, pink sapphires are the epitome of femininity. Fancy-coloured sapphires also materialise in wonderful shades of purple!

Colour-change sapphires are quite the sight to behold. Dependant on the light setting, these fascinating, rare gems boast shades of purple and blue. Typically, most colour-change sapphires appear blue in natural daylight due to the presence of iron and titanium, and transform as if by magic to a violet-purple under incandescent light due to traces of vanadium!

The rarest of sapphires is the padparadscha, with its unusual fiery salmon colour, they are extremely sought after. The rarest and finest quality padparadschas are from the old mines of Ceylon, and we are incredibly excited to announce that we have a remarkable Ceylon padparadscha sapphire coming to the collection very soon!

Here at Berganza, we are privileged to have a multi-coloured collection of incredibly rare, natural and unenhanced fancy-coloured sapphires to fit every occasion! Whether it be the honey glazed hues of yellow or the blushing shades of pink, visit us at our showroom today to dive into the delectable world of fancy-coloured sapphires.

Visit our Hatton Garden showroom to explore our rainbow collection of fancy-coloured sapphires! We are open Monday to Friday from 10am 5pm, and on Saturday from 10:30am until 5pm. Our entire collection is also available to view online. 

Ceylon yellow sapphire and diamond ring berganza hatton garden
Yellow Ceylon sapphire and diamond coronet cluster ring, circa 1920.
Ref: 24946
Burmese Pink Sapphire and Diamond Cluster Earrings hatton garden
Burmese Pink Sapphire and Diamond Cluster Earrings, Circa 1920.
Ref: 27814
Pink Ceylon sapphire diamond coronet cluster ring Hatton Garden
Pink Ceylon sapphire and diamond coronet cluster ring, circa 1915.
Ref: 27838
Ceylon sapphire and diamond cluster ring, circa 1910. Hatton Garden
Purple Ceylon sapphire and diamond cluster ring, circa 1910.
Ref: 27827
Purple Ceylon sapphire and diamond solitaire ring hatton garden
Purple Ceylon sapphire and diamond flanked solitaire ring, circa 1930.
Ref: 27121
Colour change Ceylon sapphire diamond cluster ring hatton garden
Colour change Ceylon sapphire and diamond coronet cluster ring, circa 1910.
Ref: 27504
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Updated 24/02/2024 at 1:17PM

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