Archeological revival Roman coin brooch by Wiese. Set to the centre with a silver denarius in a solid goldopen back setting, the obverse depicting the profile of Emperor Trajan with a laurel wreath around his head, lettering reads 'IMP CAES NERVA TRAIAN AVG GERM', the reverse shows the winged goddess Victory standing right on prow, terminating in a serpent, holding a palm frond and wreath, inscription around the edge saying 'P M TRP COS IIII P P', surrounded by an openwork border with repeating scrolling details and polished edges, fitted to the reverse with a with a secure hinged pin and scroll clasp, approximate diameter 3.5cm. Marked 18 carat yellow gold, signed and maker's mark for Wiese, French, circa 1890.
The wording on the obverse is an abbreviated form of Trajan's full title: IMPerator (Commander of the Army) CAES(ar) NERVA TRAIAN (Trajan) AUGustus (Emperor) GERmanicus (conqueror of Germany). The reverse abbreviates further titles of Trajan: P M (pontifex maximus) ‘great priest’ TRP (tribunician potestas) ‘tribune of the people’ COS IIII (consulship served four times) P P (pater patriae) ‘father of his country’.
A Denarius was a small silver Roman coin that was minted between 211 BC and A.D. 275. This coin shows the profile of the Emperor Trajan who ruled between A.D.98 and A.D.117.